Official course description: The Introductory Biology 152 Independent Research Project (IP) is designed to help our students gain real insight into what biologists actually do by involving them in either: Mentored experimental research: Working with a researcher on campus, students propose a research question, learn and execute the experimental techniques required to examine the question, analyze data and draw conclusions. The experience includes writing a scientific-journal-like publication and participating in a campus-wide poster session.* Critical analysis of existing research or literature-based research: Students conduct a meta-analysis of existing literature to address an open biology-based question, problem or issue. To do this they interpret, organize and analyze existing data in the area in order to determine what we currently know as well as what we don’t know. Based on the analysis, students propose research designed to advance our knowledge in the field. **