A mixture of methanol and ethanoic acid is left until equilibrium is reached. The equation for this reaction is given below.
CH3OH(l) + CH3COOH(l) ⇌ CH3COOCH3(l) + H2O(l) ΔH = -8.5kJmol^-1
The amount of CH3OH in this mixture at equilibrium can be increased by:
1. adding more water to the mixture.
2. raising the temperature of the mixture.
3. adding sodium hydroxide to the mixture
4. adding a catalyst to the mixture