Question

Can I get an explanation to both answers for the questions attached below in the google doc links?

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwrM9zUOnF_IYnQwTzF5VW83QXM/view?usp=sharing

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwrM9zUOnF_IV3VoSDdsNm1NMlk/view?usp=sharing