Anatomy & Physiology Principles of Human Physiology
Principles of Human Physiology

Principles of Human Physiology Stanfield • 5th Edition • 9780321819345

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Ch. 1 - Introduction to Physiology

Cells to Organ Systems Homeostasis and Feedback Control

Ch. 2 - The Cell

Cells to Organ Systems Carbohydrates and Lipids Proteins I: Protein Structure Proteins II: Ligand Binding and Regulation of Function The Plasma Membrane Review of Physiologically-Relevant Organelles Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression

Ch. 3 - Cell Metabolism

Thermodynamics for Physiology: The Energetics of (Bio)Chemical Reactions Enzymes and their Regulation Metabolism I: Overview Metabolism II: Glycolysis Metabolism III: Aerobic Metabolism Metabolism IV: Protein and Lipid Catabolism Metabolism V: Anabolism

Ch. 4 - Cell Membrane Transport

Diffusion Osmosis: Osmolarity, Osmotic Pressure and Tonicity Protein-Mediated Transport Vesicle-Based Transport: Endocytosis and Exocytosis Crossing an Epithelial Layer: The Trans- and Paracellular Pathway

Ch. 5 - Chemical Messengers

Cell-to-Cell Connections and Messages Signal Transduction I: General Ideas Signal Transduction II: G-Protein Coupled Receptors Signal Transduction III: Other Transduction Pathways

Ch. 6 - The Endocrine System

Basics of Hormone Function Hormone Classification and Mechanism of Action The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland The Adrenal Glands The Endocrine Pancreas The Thyroid Gland The Parathyroid Gland

Ch. 7 - Nerve Cells and Electrical Signaling

Cells of the Nervous System The Resting Membrane Potential I: Forces and Ohm's Law The Resting Membrane Potential II: Development of a Membrane Potential The Resting Membrane Potential III: The Nernst and Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz Equations Electrical Signals in Neurons I: Membrane Potential Vocabulary Electrical Signals in Neurons II: Graded vs. Action Potentials Electrical Signals in Neurons III: Action Potentials Action Potential Propagation The Refractory Period

Ch. 8 - Synaptic Transmission and Neural Integration

Neuronal Cell-to-Cell Communication: Synaptic Transmission Synaptic Integration I: Post-Synaptic Potentials (EPSPs and IPSPs) Synaptic Integration II: Summation Common Neurotransmitters and Receptors

Ch. 9 - The Nervous System: Central Nervous System

Glial Cells Blood Brain Barrier Gray and White Matter Spinal Tracts-- Introduction to Ascending and Descending Pathways Spinal Nerves-- Dermatomes and Myotomes The Brain-- Anatomy and Function Cranial Nerves Neural Control of Skeletal Muscle--Skeletal Muscle Reflexes

Ch. 10 - The Nervous System: Sensory Systems

General Principles of Sensation and Sensory Receptors The Somatic Senses Chemoreception I: Smell Chemoreception II: Taste The Ear: Hearing The Ear: Equilibrium The Eye and Vision

Ch. 11 - The Nervous System: Autonomic and Motor Systems

Autonomic Nervous System: Divisions and Structure

Ch. 12 - Muscle Physiology

Skeletal Muscle Cellular Anatomy-- Muscles to Sarcomeres Skeletal Muscle Contraction I: The Cellular Level Skeletal Muscle Contraction II: Tension and Length-Tension Curves Skeletal Muscle Contraction III: Summation and Tetanus Skeletal Muscle Contraction IV: Isotonic vs. Isometric Contractions Energy Requirements of Skeletal Muscle-- Fiber Types and Fatigue

Ch. 13 - The Cardiovascular System: Cardiac Function

Overview of the Cardiovascular System Heart Anatomy Cardiac Muscle Action Potentials Cardiac Muscle Excitation-Contraction Coupling Cardiac Electrophysiology I: Nodal Fibers, Pacemaker Potentials, and Automaticity Cardiac Electrophysiology II: Electrical Conduction Pathways Electrocardiography I: Electrodes, Currents, and Leads Electrocardiography II: Interpreting an EKG The Cardiac Cycle I: Understanding the Valves The Cardiac Cycle II: Systole and Diastole The Cardiac Cycle III: Volumes in the Left Ventricle The Cardiac Cycle IV: Heart Sounds The Cardiac Cycle V: The Wiggers Diagram The Cardiac Cycle VI: The Ventricular Pressure-Volume Loop Cardiac Output I: Definitions Cardiac Output II: The Frank-Starling Law of the Heart Cardiac Output III: Autonomic Regulation of Cardiac Function

Ch. 14 - The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels, Blood Flow, and Blood Pressure

Blood Flow: Ohm's and Poiseuille's Laws The Blood Vessels Blood Pressure: Definitions and Measurement Flow Around the Circulatory Loop Capillary Exchange I: Diffusion Capillary Exchange II: Bulk Flow and the Starling Equation of Ultrafiltration Short-Term Regulation of Blood Pressure--the Baroreceptor Reflexes

Ch. 15 - The Cardiovascular System: Blood

Blood Hemostasis-- The Clotting Cascade

Ch. 16 - The Respiratory System: Pulmonary Ventilation

Anatomy and Organization of the Respiratory System Properties of the Lungs-- Compliance, Elasticity, Resistance, and Surface Tension Ventilation I: Boyle's Law Ventilation II: Mechanics of Inspiration and Expiration Lung Spirometry: Lung Volumes and Capacities Measuring Pressure of a Mixture of Gases-- Partial Pressures and Dalton's Law Total vs. Alveolar Ventilation and the Anatomic Dead Space

Ch. 17 - The Respiratory system: Gas Exchange and Regulation of Breathing

Gas Exchange I: Diffusion in the Alveoli Gas Exchange II: Ventilation and Perfusion and V/Q Ratios Gas Transport in the Blood I: Oxygen and Hemoglobin Binding Gas Transport in the Blood II: Carbon Dioxide Regulation of Ventilation I: Neural Control of Respiratory Muscles Regulation of Ventilation II: Chemoreceptors and Effects of CO2, pH, O2

Ch. 18 - The Urinary System: Renal Function

Anatomy of the Urinary System Basic Renal Processes The Glomerulus Reabsorption I: General Concepts of Reabsorption in the Kidney Reabsorption II: Reabsorption (and Secretion) in the Proximal Tubule Reabsorption III: The Loop of Henle Reabsorption IV: The Distal Tubule Reabsorption V: The Collecting Duct and Effects of ADH and Aldosterone Clearance-- Measuring Glomerular Filtration Rate and Renal Plasma Flow

Ch. 19 - The Urinary System: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

Disturbing Blood pH-- Sources of Acid and Base and Acidosis vs. Alkalosis Calculating Blood pH-- The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation Causes of pH Disturbances-- Metabolic vs. Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis Controlling Blood pH I: Respiratory Compensation Controlling Blood pH II: Renal Compensation in the Proximal Tubule and Collecting Duct Cells to Organ Systems

Ch. 20 - The Gastrointestional System

Anatomy and Function of the Digestive System The Macronutrients: Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins From Mouth to Stomach The Stomach The Digestive Accessory Organs I: The Liver and Gall Bladder The Digestive Accessory Organs II: The Exocrine Pancreas The Small Intestine I : Arrival at the Duodenum and Initiation of Pancreas/Gall Bladder Secretion The Small Intestine II: Digestion and Absorption of the Three Macronutrients The Small Intestine III: Motility The Large Intestine Regulation of Gastrointestinal Function

Ch. 21 - The Endocrine System: Regulation of Energy Metabolism and Growth

Review of Metabolism-- Catabolic and Anabolic Processes Measuring Metabolism-- Basal Metabolic Rate and Respiratory Quotient Fed-State Metabolism and the Effects of Insulin Fasted-State Metabolism and the Effects of Glucagon Type I and Type II Diabetes Mellitus Appetite and Satiety Body Temperature Regulation Calcium (and Phosphate) Regulation I-- Bone Growth and Remodeling Calcium (and Phosphate) Regulation II-- Parathyroid Hormone, Vitamin D, and Calcitonin

Ch. 22 - The Reproductive System

Review of Mitosis and Meiosis Male Reproduction I: Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System Male Reproduction II: Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis Female Reproduction I: Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproduction II: Oogenesis and Folliculogenesis Female Reproduction III: The Menstrual Cycle Sex Determination and Differentiation-- Boy or Girl? Making Babies I: The Sexual Response and Sexual Intercourse Making Babies II: Fertilization Making Babies III: Early Development and Implantation Making Babies IV: Labor and Delivery (Parturition) Making Babies V: Lactation-- Feeding the Baby

Ch. 23 - The Immune System

Pathogens of the Human Body Anatomy of the Immune "System" Cells of the Immune System Innate Immunity Acquired Immunity I: Introduction to Lymphocytes Acquired Immunity II: B Lymphocytes and Antibodies Acquired Immunity III: The Major Histocompatibility Complex and Antigen Presentation Acquired Immunity IV: T Lymphocytes and Cell-Mediated Responses

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