Anatomy & Physiology Medical Physiology
Medical Physiology

Medical Physiology Boron • 3rd Edition • 978-1455743773

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Ch. 1 - Foundations of Physiology

Homeostasis and Feedback Control

Ch. 2 - Functional Organization of the Cell

The Plasma Membrane Review of Physiologically-Relevant Organelles

Ch. 3 - Signal Transduction

Cell-to-Cell Connections and Messages Signal Transduction I: General Ideas Signal Transduction II: G-Protein Coupled Receptors Signal Transduction III: Other Transduction Pathways Signal Transduction IV: Details of the Gs, Gi, and Gq Transduction Pathways

Ch. 4 - Regulation of Gene Expression

Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression

Ch. 5 - Transport of Solutes and Water

Diffusion Osmosis: Osmolarity, Osmotic Pressure and Tonicity Protein-Mediated Transport Vesicle-Based Transport: Endocytosis and Exocytosis Crossing an Epithelial Layer: The Trans- and Paracellular Pathway

Ch. 6 - Electrophysiology of the Cell Membrane

The Resting Membrane Potential I: Forces and Ohm's Law The Resting Membrane Potential II: Development of a Membrane Potential The Resting Membrane Potential III: The Nernst and Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz Equations

Ch. 7 - Electrical Excitability and Action Potentials

Electrical Signals in Neurons I: Membrane Potential Vocabulary Electrical Signals in Neurons II: Graded vs. Action Potentials Electrical Signals in Neurons III: Action Potentials Action Potential Propagation The Refractory Period

Ch. 8 - Synaptic Transmission and the Neuromuscular Junction

Neuronal Cell-to-Cell Communication: Synaptic Transmission Synaptic Integration I: Post-Synaptic Potentials (EPSPs and IPSPs) Synaptic Integration II: Summation Common Neurotransmitters and Receptors

Ch. 9 - Cellular Physiology of Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth Muscle

Skeletal Muscle Cellular Anatomy-- Muscles to Sarcomeres Skeletal Muscle Contraction I: The Cellular Level Skeletal Muscle Contraction II: Tension and Length-Tension Curves Skeletal Muscle Contraction III: Summation and Tetanus Skeletal Muscle Contraction IV: Isotonic vs. Isometric Contractions Energy Requirements of Skeletal Muscle-- Fiber Types and Fatigue Neural Control of Skeletal Muscle--Skeletal Muscle Reflexes Cardiac Muscle Action Potentials Cardiac Electrophysiology I: Nodal Fibers, Pacemaker Potentials, and Automaticity

Ch.10 - Organization of the Nervous System

Cells of the Nervous System Nervous System Organization

Ch.11 - The Neuronal Microenvironment

Cerebrospinal Fluid Blood Brain Barrier Glial Cells

Ch.14 - The Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System: Divisions and Structure

Ch.15 - Sensory Transduction

General Principles of Sensation and Sensory Receptors The Somatic Senses Chemoreception I: Smell The Ear: Hearing The Ear: Equilibrium Chemoreception II: Taste

Ch.17 - Organization of the Cardiovascular System

Overview of the Cardiovascular System Heart Anatomy Flow Around the Circulatory Loop Blood Flow: Ohm's and Poiseuille's Laws Blood Pressure: Definitions and Measurement

Ch.18 - Blood

Blood Hemostasis-- The Clotting Cascade

Ch.19 - Arteries and Veins

The Blood Vessels

Ch.20 - The Microcirculation

Capillary Exchange I: Diffusion Capillary Exchange II: Bulk Flow and the Starling Equation of Ultrafiltration

Ch.21 - Cardiac Electrophysiology

Cardiac Muscle Excitation-Contraction Coupling Cardiac Electrophysiology II: Electrical Conduction Pathways Electrocardiography I: Electrodes, Currents, and Leads Electrocardiography II: Interpreting an EKG

Ch.22 - The Heart as a Pump

The Cardiac Cycle I: Understanding the Valves The Cardiac Cycle II: Systole and Diastole The Cardiac Cycle III: Volumes in the Left Ventricle The Cardiac Cycle IV: Heart Sounds The Cardiac Cycle V: The Wiggers Diagram The Cardiac Cycle VI: The Ventricular Pressure-Volume Loop

Ch.23 - Regulation of Arterial Pressure and Cardiac Output

Short-Term Regulation of Blood Pressure--the Baroreceptor Reflexes Hormonal Regulation of Blood Pressure I: Vasopressin/Anti-Diuretic Hormone Hormonal Regulation of Blood Pressure II: The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Cardiac Output I: Definitions Cardiac Output II: The Frank-Starling Law of the Heart Cardiac Output III: Autonomic Regulation of Cardiac Function

Ch.26 - Organization of the Respiratory System

Anatomy and Organization of the Respiratory System Lung Spirometry: Lung Volumes and Capacities

Ch.27 - Mechanics of Ventilation

Properties of the Lungs-- Compliance, Elasticity, Resistance, and Surface Tension Measuring Pressure of a Mixture of Gases-- Partial Pressures and Dalton's Law

Ch.28 - Acid-Base Physiology

Disturbing Blood pH-- Sources of Acid and Base and Acidosis vs. Alkalosis Calculating Blood pH-- The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation Causes of pH Disturbances-- Metabolic vs. Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis Controlling Blood pH I: Respiratory Compensation Controlling Blood pH II: Renal Compensation in the Proximal Tubule and Collecting Duct

Ch.29 - Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood

Gas Transport in the Blood I: Oxygen and Hemoglobin Binding Gas Transport in the Blood II: Carbon Dioxide

Ch.30 - Gas Exchange in the Lungs

Gas Exchange I: Diffusion in the Alveoli

Ch.31 - Ventilation and Perfusion of the Lungs

Ventilation I: Boyle's Law Ventilation II: Mechanics of Inspiration and Expiration Gas Exchange II: Ventilation and Perfusion and V/Q Ratios Total vs. Alveolar Ventilation and the Anatomic Dead Space

Ch.32 - Control of Ventilation

Regulation of Ventilation I: Neural Control of Respiratory Muscles Regulation of Ventilation II: Chemoreceptors and Effects of CO2, pH, O2

Ch.33 - Organization of the Urinary System

Anatomy of the Urinary System Basic Renal Processes Reabsorption I: General Concepts of Reabsorption in the Kidney Reabsorption II: Reabsorption (and Secretion) in the Proximal Tubule Reabsorption III: The Loop of Henle Reabsorption IV: The Distal Tubule Reabsorption V: The Collecting Duct and Effects of ADH and Aldosterone

Ch.34 - Glomerular Filtration and Renal Blood Flow

The Glomerulus Clearance-- Measuring Glomerular Filtration Rate and Renal Plasma Flow

Ch.41 - Organization of the Gastrointestinal System

Anatomy and Function of the Digestive System From Mouth to Stomach The Stomach

Ch.43 - Pancreatic and Salivary Glands

The Digestive Accessory Organs II: The Exocrine Pancreas

Ch.44 - Intestinal Fluid and Electrolyte Movement

The Small Intestine I : Arrival at the Duodenum and Initiation of Pancreas/Gall Bladder Secretion The Small Intestine II: Digestion and Absorption of the Three Macronutrients The Small Intestine III: Motility The Large Intestine Regulation of Gastrointestinal Function

Ch.45 - Nutrient Digestion and Absorption

The Macronutrients: Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins

Ch.46 - Hepatobiliary Function

The Digestive Accessory Organs I: The Liver and Gall Bladder

Ch.47 - Organization of Endocrine Control

Basics of Hormone Function Hormone Classification and Mechanism of Action

Ch.49 - The Thyroid Gland

The Thyroid Gland The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland

Ch.50 - The Adrenal Gland

The Adrenal Glands

Ch.51 - The Endocrine Pancreas

The Endocrine Pancreas

Ch.52 - The Parathyroid Glands and Vitamin D

The Parathyroid Gland

Ch.54 - The Male Reproductive System

Male Reproduction I: Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System Male Reproduction II: Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis

Ch.55 - The Female Reproductive System

Female Reproduction I: Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproduction II: Oogenesis and Folliculogenesis Female Reproduction III: The Menstrual Cycle

Ch.56 - Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Lactation

Making Babies I: The Sexual Response and Sexual Intercourse Making Babies II: Fertilization Making Babies III: Early Development and Implantation Making Babies IV: Labor and Delivery (Parturition) Making Babies V: Lactation-- Feeding the Baby

Ch.57 - Fetal and Neonatal Physiology

Sex Determination and Differentiation-- Boy or Girl?

Ch.58 - Metabolism

Thermodynamics for Physiology: The Energetics of (Bio)Chemical Reactions Enzymes and their Regulation Metabolism I: Overview Metabolism II: Glycolysis Metabolism III: Aerobic Metabolism Metabolism IV: Protein and Lipid Catabolism Metabolism V: Anabolism Review of Metabolism-- Catabolic and Anabolic Processes Fed-State Metabolism and the Effects of Insulin Fasted-State Metabolism and the Effects of Glucagon

Ch.59 - Regulation of Body Temperature

Body Temperature Regulation

Ch.60 - Exercise Physiology and Sports Science

Measuring Metabolism-- Basal Metabolic Rate and Respiratory Quotient