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Problem: Toll-like receptorsA. are cytokines.B. each recognize a specific "danger" molecule.C. transmit a message to the cell's nucleus.D. are part of adaptive immunity.E. each recognize a specific "danger" molecule AND transmit a message to the cell's nucleus.

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Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs): molecules that typically show up in foreign cells

Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRRs): membrane receptors that recognize PAMPs

: include toll-like receptors → identify PAMPs and activates immune response

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Problem Details

Toll-like receptors

A. are cytokines.

B. each recognize a specific "danger" molecule.

C. transmit a message to the cell's nucleus.

D. are part of adaptive immunity.

E. each recognize a specific "danger" molecule AND transmit a message to the cell's nucleus.

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