Disturbing Blood pH-- Sources of Acid and Base and Acidosis vs. Alkalosis

Concept: Physiologic Sources of Acid (and Base)

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Concept: Intro to pH Maintenance Mechanisms

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Problem: A 45-year-old man with a history of poorly-controlled Type I Diabetes presents to the emergency department complaining of vomiting, abdominal pain, and weakness. He is confused—he does not know the day of the week and is unable to recount how he got to the hospital. Blood is drawn; the results show a blood pH of 7.3. Which of the following accurately describes this patient’s status?

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Problem: A 45-year-old man with a history of poorly-controlled Type I Diabetes presents to the emergency department complaining of vomiting, abdominal pain, and weakness. He is confused—he does not know the day of the week and is unable to recount how he got to the hospital. He is noted to be breathing abnormally. Which of the following likely describes these abnormal respirations?

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