Practice: A 20-year-old male presents to his physician with a two-day history of severe nausea and vomiting. This started a few hours after he attended an outdoor BBQ with his fraternity where he ate, among other things, potato salad that had been sitting in the sun all day. Since then he has been vomiting approximately once every two hours. His bloodwork shows a blood pH of 7.49. Which of the following describes this patient’s state?