Concept #1: The Doppler Effect
Practice: A police siren emits a sound somewhere around 700 Hz. If you are waiting at a red light, and a police car approaches you from behind and passes you, moving at a constant 30 m/s, what is the frequency you hear from the siren as it approaches you from behind? What about once it’s passed you? Assume the air temperature to be 20°C.
Example #1: Two Submarines Approaching One Another