A cannon is rigidly attached to a carriage, which can move along horizontal rails but is connected to a post by a large spring, initially unstretched and with force constant k = 2.00 X 104 N/m, as shown in the figure. The cannon fires a 200-kg projectile at a velocity of 125 m/s directed 45.0° above the horizontal. Assuming that the mass of the cannon and its carriage is 5000 kg,
(a) Find the recoil speed of the cannon.
(b) Determine the maximum extension of the spring.
(c) Find the maximum force the spring exerts on the carriage.
(d) Consider the system consisting of the cannon, carriage, and projectile. Is the momentum of this system conserved during the firing? Why or why not?