Motion Along Curved Paths Video Lessons

Example

Problem: A light, rigid rod is 77.0 cm long. Its top end is pivoted on a frictionless, horizontal axle. The rod hangs straight down at rest with a small, massive ball attached to its bottom end. You strike the ball, suddenly giving it a horizontal velocity so that it swings around in a full circle. What minimum speed at the bottom is required to make the ball go over the top of the circle?

FREE Expert Solution
89% (224 ratings)
FREE Expert Solution

In this problem, we are using we'll use conservation of energy involving both velocity and gravitational potential energy.

Law of conservation of energy:

89% (224 ratings)
Problem Details

A light, rigid rod is 77.0 cm long. Its top end is pivoted on a frictionless, horizontal axle. The rod hangs straight down at rest with a small, massive ball attached to its bottom end. You strike the ball, suddenly giving it a horizontal velocity so that it swings around in a full circle. What minimum speed at the bottom is required to make the ball go over the top of the circle?