Ch 21: The Second Law of ThermodynamicsSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch 01: Units & Vectors
Ch 02: 1D Motion (Kinematics)
Ch 03: 2D Motion (Projectile Motion)
Ch 04: Intro to Forces (Dynamics)
Ch 05: Friction, Inclines, Systems
Ch 06: Centripetal Forces & Gravitation
Ch 07: Work & Energy
Ch 08: Conservation of Energy
Ch 09: Momentum & Impulse
Ch 10: Rotational Kinematics
Ch 11: Rotational Inertia & Energy
Ch 12: Torque & Rotational Dynamics
Ch 13: Rotational Equilibrium
Ch 14: Angular Momentum
Ch 15: Periodic Motion (NEW)
Ch 15: Periodic Motion (Oscillations)
Ch 16: Waves & Sound
Ch 17: Fluid Mechanics
Ch 18: Heat and Temperature
Ch 19: Kinetic Theory of Ideal Gasses
Ch 20: The First Law of Thermodynamics
Ch 21: The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Ch 22: Electric Force & Field; Gauss' Law
Ch 23: Electric Potential
Ch 24: Capacitors & Dielectrics
Ch 25: Resistors & DC Circuits
Ch 26: Magnetic Fields and Forces
Ch 27: Sources of Magnetic Field
Ch 28: Induction and Inductance
Ch 29: Alternating Current
Ch 30: Electromagnetic Waves
Ch 31: Geometric Optics
Ch 32: Wave Optics
Ch 34: Special Relativity
Ch 35: Particle-Wave Duality
Ch 36: Atomic Structure
Ch 37: Nuclear Physics
Ch 38: Quantum Mechanics

Solution: You want to increase the efficiency of a Carnot engine by altering the temperature of either of the reservoirs by a temperature of ΔT. Which of the following will produce the greatest increase in efficiency?A) Increasing the temperature of the hot reservoir by ΔTB) Increasing the temperature of the cold reservoir by ΔTC) Decreasing the temperature of the hot reservoir by ΔTD) Decreasing the temperature of the cold reservoir by ΔTE) Option A or D, because the temperature change ΔT is the same for either caseF) Option B or C, because the temperature change ΔT is the same for either case

Problem

You want to increase the efficiency of a Carnot engine by altering the temperature of either of the reservoirs by a temperature of ΔT. Which of the following will produce the greatest increase in efficiency?

A) Increasing the temperature of the hot reservoir by ΔT

B) Increasing the temperature of the cold reservoir by ΔT

C) Decreasing the temperature of the hot reservoir by ΔT

D) Decreasing the temperature of the cold reservoir by ΔT

E) Option A or D, because the temperature change ΔT is the same for either case

F) Option B or C, because the temperature change ΔT is the same for either case