From Gauss's law, the total flux through a surface:

$\overline{){\mathbf{\varphi}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{{\mathbf{q}}_{\mathbf{e}\mathbf{n}\mathbf{c}\mathbf{l}\mathbf{o}\mathbf{s}\mathbf{e}\mathbf{d}}}{{\mathbf{\epsilon}}_{\mathbf{0}}}}$

Gauss’s law is useful for calculating electric fields that are

a. due to point charges

b. uniform

c. symmetric

d. due to continuous changes

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