Buoyancy & Buoyant Force Video Lessons

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Problem: A balloon filled with helium gas has an average density of ρb = 0.26 kg/m3. The density of the air is about ρa = 1.23 kg/m3. The volume of the balloon is Vb = 0.024 m3. The balloon floats upward with acceleration a. Part (a) Express the net force F on the balloon in terms of its weight W and the buoyancy force Fb on it, assuming upward is the positive direction.Part (b) Calculate the numerical value of the acceleration a in m/s2.

FREE Expert Solution

Buoyant force:

Fb=ρaVbg, where ρa is the density of air, Vb is the volume of the balloon, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

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Problem Details

A balloon filled with helium gas has an average density of ρb = 0.26 kg/m3. The density of the air is about ρa = 1.23 kg/m3. The volume of the balloon is Vb = 0.024 m3. The balloon floats upward with acceleration a. 

Part (a) Express the net force F on the balloon in terms of its weight W and the buoyancy force Fb on it, assuming upward is the positive direction.

Part (b) Calculate the numerical value of the acceleration a in m/s2.

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