Problem: The deuterium nucleus starts out with a kinetic energy of 1.09x10-13 joules, and the proton starts out with a kinetic energy of 2.19x10-13 joules. The radius of a proton is 0.9x10-15 m; assume that if the particles touch, the distance between their centers will be twice that. a)  What will be the total kinetic energy of both particles an instant before they touch? K1H + K2H =b) What is the kinetic energy of the reaction products (helium nucleus plus photon)? K(He) + K(gamma) =c) Fusion as energy source: Kinetic energy can be used to drive motors and do other useful things. If a mole of hydrogen and a mole of deuterium underwent this fusion reaction, how much kinetic energy would be generated? joules (For comparison, around 1x106 joules are obtained from burning a mole of gasoline.)

FREE Expert Solution

(a)

From the law of conservation of energy:

K1H+K2H=Ki-q24πε02r

88% (12 ratings)
View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

The deuterium nucleus starts out with a kinetic energy of 1.09x10-13 joules, and the proton starts out with a kinetic energy of 2.19x10-13 joules. The radius of a proton is 0.9x10-15 m; assume that if the particles touch, the distance between their centers will be twice that. 

a)  What will be the total kinetic energy of both particles an instant before they touch? 

K1H + K2H =

b) What is the kinetic energy of the reaction products (helium nucleus plus photon)? K(He) + K(gamma) =

c) Fusion as energy source: Kinetic energy can be used to drive motors and do other useful things. If a mole of hydrogen and a mole of deuterium underwent this fusion reaction, how much kinetic energy would be generated? joules (For comparison, around 1x106 joules are obtained from burning a mole of gasoline.)

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Nuclear Physics concept. You can view video lessons to learn Nuclear Physics. Or if you need more Nuclear Physics practice, you can also practice Nuclear Physics practice problems.