This is a kinematics problem. We'll use kinematic equations.

Uniform accelerated motion (UAM) equations, a.k.a. "kinematics equations":

$\overline{)\mathbf{}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}\mathbf{\left(}\frac{{\mathit{v}}_{\mathit{f}}\mathbf{+}{\mathit{v}}_{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{2}}\mathbf{\right)}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathit{t}}{\mathbf{+}}{\frac{1}{2}}{\mathit{a}}{{\mathit{t}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathbf{2}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}}$

A cannonball is shot vertically upward with a velocity of 75 m/s.

(i) Calculate how long it takes for the cannonball to reach its highest point.

(ii) While it is rising in the air (choose one an explain choice)

(a) its acceleration and velocity are both upward

(b) its velocity is upward and its acceleration is downward

(c) its velocity and acceleration are both downward

(d) its velocity is downward and its acceleration is upward

(e) its velocity and acceleration are both increasing

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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Kinematics Equations concept. You can view video lessons to learn Kinematics Equations. Or if you need more Kinematics Equations practice, you can also practice Kinematics Equations practice problems.