Collisions & Motion (Momentum & Energy) Video Lessons

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Problem: In a ballistic pendulum an object of mass m is fired with an initial speed v0 at a pendulum bob. The bob has a mass M, which is suspended by a rod of length L and negligible mass. After the collision, the pendulum and object stick together and swing to a maximum angular displacement θ as shown (Figure 1)Find an expression for v0, the initial speed of the fired object.Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables m, M, L, θ and the acceleration due to gravity, g.

FREE Expert Solution

Momentum:

p=mv

Kinetic energy:

K=12mv2

Gravitational potential energy:

U=mgh

Pendulum SHM equations:

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Problem Details

In a ballistic pendulum an object of mass m is fired with an initial speed v0 at a pendulum bob. The bob has a mass M, which is suspended by a rod of length L and negligible mass. After the collision, the pendulum and object stick together and swing to a maximum angular displacement θ as shown (Figure 1)

Find an expression for v0, the initial speed of the fired object.

Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables m, M, L, θ and the acceleration due to gravity, g.

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