# Problem: An intravenous (IV) system is supplying saline solution to a patient at the rate of 0.120 cm3/s through a needle of radius 0.150 mm and length 2.50 cm. What pressure is needed at the entrance of the needle to cause this flow, assuming the viscosity of the saline solution to be the same as that of water? The gauge pressure of the blood in the patient s vein is 8.00 mm•Hg. (Assume that the temperature is 20 C)

###### FREE Expert Solution

Gauge pressure:

$\overline{){\mathbf{P}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{h}}{\mathbf{\rho }}{\mathbf{g}}}$

Poiseuille’s law:

$\overline{){\mathbf{Q}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{\mathbf{\pi }\mathbf{∆}\mathbf{P}{\mathbf{r}}^{\mathbf{4}}}{\mathbf{8}\mathbf{\eta }\mathbf{l}}}$, where Q is the flow rate, P is pressure, r is the radius, η is fluid viscosity, and l is the length of tubing.

Q = (P2 - P1)πr4/8ηl

P2 = 8ηlQ/πr4 + P1 = 8Qηl/πr4 + hρg

P1 is the pressure in the patients vein

79% (255 ratings) ###### Problem Details

An intravenous (IV) system is supplying saline solution to a patient at the rate of 0.120 cm3/s through a needle of radius 0.150 mm and length 2.50 cm. What pressure is needed at the entrance of the needle to cause this flow, assuming the viscosity of the saline solution to be the same as that of water? The gauge pressure of the blood in the patient s vein is 8.00 mm•Hg. (Assume that the temperature is 20 C)