Let's consider the situation of a hydraulic lift.

In a hydraulic lift, the pressure on the master cylinder is equal to the pressure on the slave cylinder.

However, force changes with the change in cross-section.

Pressure:

$\overline{){\mathbf{P}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{\mathbf{F}}{\mathbf{A}}}$

We now have:

$\overline{)\frac{{\mathbf{F}}_{\mathbf{1}}}{{\mathbf{A}}_{\mathbf{1}}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{{\mathbf{F}}_{\mathbf{2}}}{{\mathbf{A}}_{\mathbf{2}}}}$, where F_{1} is the force applied to the master cylinder, A_{1} is the cross-sectional area of the master cylinder, F_{2} is the force created at each slave cylinder, and A_{2} is the cross-sectional area of slave cylinder.

We consider the cork as the master cylinder and the jug as the slave cylinder.

F_{1} = 120 N

A_{1} = πr_{1}^{2}

r_{1} = 2.00/2 = 1.00 × 10^{-2}m

A_{1} = π(1.00 × 10^{-2})^{2} = 3.142 × 10^{-}^{4} m^{2}

A crass host pours the remnants of several bottles of wine into a jug after a party. He then inserts a cork with a 2.00-cm diameter into the bottle, placing it in direct contact with the wine. He is amazed when he pounds the cork into place and the bottom of the jug (with a 14.0-cm diameter) breaks away. Calculate the extra force exerted against the bottom if he pounded the cork with a 120-N force.

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