Magnetic Field Produced by Straight Currents Video Lessons

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Problem: A device called a railgun uses the magnetic force on currents to launch projectiles at very high speeds. An idealized model of a railgun is illustrated in the figure. A 1.2 V power supply is connected to two conducting rails. A segment of copper wire, in a region of uniform magnetic field, slides freely on the rails. The wire has a 0.61 mΩ resistance and a mass of 9.0 g. Ignore the resistance of the rails. At some moment, the power supply is switched on. What will be the wire's speed after it has slid a distance of 1.0 mm?

FREE Expert Solution

Acceleration of the wire from Newton's second law:

a=Fm, where F is force and m is the mass of the wire.

The force, F:

F=BiL

Let's also consider the kinematic equation:

vf2= v02 +2ax

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Problem Details

A device called a railgun uses the magnetic force on currents to launch projectiles at very high speeds. An idealized model of a railgun is illustrated in the figure. A 1.2 V power supply is connected to two conducting rails. A segment of copper wire, in a region of uniform magnetic field, slides freely on the rails. The wire has a 0.61 mΩ resistance and a mass of 9.0 g. Ignore the resistance of the rails. At some moment, the power supply is switched on. What will be the wire's speed after it has slid a distance of 1.0 mm?

15cm x ×11× × 1.2V B 0.80 T

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