Bulk modulus:

$\overline{){\mathbf{B}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{\mathbf{\u2206}\mathbf{P}}{{\displaystyle \raisebox{1ex}{$\mathbf{\u2206}\mathbf{V}$}\!\left/ \!\raisebox{-1ex}{${\mathbf{V}}_{\mathbf{0}}$}\right.}}}$, where P is pressure and V is volume.

ΔP = B(ΔV/V_{0})

When water freezes, its volume increased by 9.05% (that is ΔV/V_{0} = 9.05 × 10^{–2}). What force per unit area is water capable of exerting on a container when it freezes? (It is acceptable to use the bulk modulus of water in this problem.)

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