The potential energy of a dipole oscillating in an electric field is:
where p is the magnitude of the dipole moment, E is the field strength, and θ is the angle between the dipole moment and electric field vectors.
At 0°, the potential energy of the system is -2 μJ:
The graph shows the potential energy of an electric dipole. Consider a dipole that oscillates between ±60°
What is the dipole's mechanical energy?
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