In words, Gauss's law states that the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed divided by the permeability of a vacuum.
Gauss's law is usually written
where ε0 = 8.85x10-12 C2/(N•m2) is the permittivity of vacuum.
In Gauss's Law, to what does qencl refer?
A. the net charge inside the closed surface
B. the charge residing on insulators inside the closed surface
C. all the charge in the physical system
D. any charge inside the closed surface that is arranged symmetrically
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