# Problem: Gauss's law is usually writtenΦE=∮E→·dA→=qenclε0where ε0 = 8.85x10-12 C2/(N•m2) is the permittivity of vacuum.In Gauss's Law, to what does qencl refer?A. the net charge inside the closed surfaceB. the charge residing on insulators inside the closed surfaceC. all the charge in the physical systemD. any charge inside the closed surface that is arranged symmetrically

###### FREE Expert Solution

In words, Gauss's law states that the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed divided by the permeability of a vacuum. ###### Problem Details

Gauss's law is usually written

${\mathrm{\Phi }}_{\mathrm{E}}=\oint \stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{E}}·\mathrm{d}\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{A}}=\frac{{\mathrm{q}}_{\mathrm{encl}}}{{\mathrm{\epsilon }}_{0}}$

where ε0 = 8.85x10-12 C2/(N•m2) is the permittivity of vacuum.

In Gauss's Law, to what does qencl refer?

A. the net charge inside the closed surface

B. the charge residing on insulators inside the closed surface

C. all the charge in the physical system

D. any charge inside the closed surface that is arranged symmetrically