The curve starts at 0.5 m/s
A common graphical representation of motion along a straight line is the v vs. t graph, that is, the graph of (instantaneous) velocity as a function of time. In this graph, time t is plotted on the horizontal axis and velocity v on the vertical axis. Note that by definition, velocity and acceleration are vector quantities. In straight-line motion, however, these vectors have only a single nonzero component in the direction of motion. Thus, in this problem, we will call v the velocity and a the acceleration, even though they are really the components of the velocity and acceleration vectors in the direction of motion, respectively.
What is the initial velocity of the particle, v0? Express your answer in meters per second.
What is the total distance x traveled by the particle? Express your answer in meters.
What is the average acceleration aav of the particle over the first 20.0 seconds? Express your answer in meters per second per second.
What is the instantaneous acceleration a of the particle at t=45.0s?
Now that you have reviewed how to plot variables as a function of time, you can use the same technique and draw an acceleration vs time graph, that is, the graph of (instantaneous) acceleration as a function of time. As usual in these types of graphs, time t is plotted on the horizontal axis, while the vertical axis is used to indicate acceleration a.
Which of the graphs shown below is the correct acceleration vs. time plot for the motion described in the previous parts?
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Velocity-Time Graphs & Acceleration concept. You can view video lessons to learn Velocity-Time Graphs & Acceleration. Or if you need more Velocity-Time Graphs & Acceleration practice, you can also practice Velocity-Time Graphs & Acceleration practice problems.
What professor is this problem relevant for?
Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Walcott's class at Tulsa Community College.