We're asked for the **final velocity** of the cars at the end of the pull.

This problem involves __forces in kinematics__ with __horizontal acceleration__.

Whenever we are given such a problem we apply the following steps.

- Draw a
**free body diagram (FBD)** - Apply
**kinematics equations**and**F****=****ma** - Solve for the target variable

For step 2, we'll need to use the kinematic equations,

$\overline{)\mathbf{}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}\mathbf{\left(}\frac{{\mathit{v}}_{\mathit{f}}\mathbf{+}{\mathit{v}}_{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathbf{2}}\mathbf{\right)}{\mathit{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}{\mathit{t}}{\mathbf{+}}{\frac{1}{2}}{\mathit{a}}{{\mathit{t}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathit{f}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{{{\mathit{v}}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathbf{2}}{\mathit{a}}{\mathbf{\u2206}}{\mathit{x}}}$

We'll also need, in step 3, equations for getting moments of force:

$\overline{)\begin{array}{rcl}{\mathbf{F}}_{\mathbf{x}}& {\mathbf{=}}& \mathbf{\left|}\stackrel{\mathbf{\rightharpoonup}}{\mathbf{F}}\mathbf{\right|}\mathbf{}\mathbf{cos}\mathbf{}\mathbf{\theta}\\ {\mathbf{F}}_{\mathbf{y}}& {\mathbf{=}}& \mathbf{\left|}\stackrel{\mathbf{\rightharpoonup}}{\mathbf{F}}\mathbf{\right|}\mathbf{}\mathbf{sin}\mathbf{}\mathbf{\theta}\end{array}}$

**Step 1: **Draw a free body diagram (FBD)

We'll take a coordinate system where the** positive** x-axis points to the **right** and **positive** y-direction points **upwards**.

**F** is the force applied by John Massis, **F**_{x} is the x-component of the force, and **F**_{y} is the y-component of the force.

The cars are moving horizontally. So we'll only consider the x-component of force, **F**_{x}.

**Step 2: **Apply **kinematics equations** and **F****=****ma**

In April 1974, John Massis of Belgium managed to move two passenger railroad cars. He did so by clamping his teeth down on a bit that was attached to the cars with a rope and then leaning backward while pressing his feet against the railway ties. The cars together weighed 700 kN (about 80 tons). Assume that he pulled with a constant force that was 2.5 times his body weight, at an upward angle θ of 30° from the horizontal. His mass was 80 kg, and he moved the cars by 1.0 m. Neglecting any retarding force from the wheel rotation, find the speed of the cars at the end of the pull.

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Forces in Kinematics concept. If you need more Forces in Kinematics practice, you can also practice Forces in Kinematics practice problems.

What textbook is this problem found in?

Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Fundamentals of Physics - Halliday Calc 10th Edition. You can also practice Fundamentals of Physics - Halliday Calc 10th Edition practice problems.