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The 2004 IUPAC names for alkyl groups are derived from the alkane having the same carbon chain as the alkyl group. The -e ending of that alkane is replaced by - yl, and the chain is numbered from the end that gives the carbon at the point of attachment its lower number. This number immediately precedes the - yl ending and is bracketed by hyphens.  

 Name the C4H9 alkyl groups according to this system. 

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

 

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

 

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

 (c) —C(CH2CH3)3 

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

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Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the following alkyl groups, and classify each one as primary, secondary, or tertiary:

 (a) CH3(CH2)10CH

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Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

(e) Cyclobutylcyclopentane 

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Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

(d) sec -Butylcycloheptane 

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Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

 (c) 4-Isobutyl-1,1-dimethylcyclohexane

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Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

 (b) 4 -tert -Butyl-3-methylheptane

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Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

(a) 6-Isopropyl-2,3-dimethylnonane

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

 

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(c) (CH3CH2)3CCH(CH2CH3)2

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(b) (CH3)2CHCH2(CH2)14CH3

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Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(a) CH3(CH2)25CH

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All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton shown. 

(d) How many carbon atoms are primary? Secondary? Tertiary? Quaternary? 

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All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton shown. 

 (c) How many methyl groups are present in this alkane? Methylene groups? Methine groups? 

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All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton shown. 

 (b) What is its IUPAC name? 

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All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton shown. 

 (a) What is the molecular formula of this alkane? 

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Pristane is an alkane that is present to the extent of about 14% in shark liver oil. Its IUPAC name is 2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane. Write its structural formula. 

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From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas, and give the IUPAC names for those that are named as derivatives of

(d) Butane

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From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas, and give the IUPAC names for those that are named as derivatives of

(c) Pentane 

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