Robinson Annulation

Concept: Concept: Robinson Annulation

Video Transcript

Are you guys ready to have some serious fun? Good, because this topic is going to get nuts. I’m serious. We've learned from prior topics that 1,5-dicarbonyls have the ability to undergo intramolecular self-condensation and form six-membered enones. Remember we drew these before. What’s different is that now we’ve also learned a reaction that makes 1,5-dicarbonyl compounds and that’s a Michael reaction. When the 1,5-dicarbonyl is generated from a Michael reaction, that means that you had an enone and an enolate come together to make a 1,5-dicarbonyl. When that molecule cyclizes, that's called a Robinson annulation. Essentially, this is an aldol times three. Hoe was that? Because think about it, you had to use one aldol to make the original enone, right? The alpha,beta-unsaturated? That's one aldol. Then you use the second aldol, the enolate to attack it via conjugate addition. When we used the conjugate addition and I made the 1,5-dicarbonyl, but now what we're seeing is that now that 1,5-dicarbonyl is going to cyclize on itself and make a new six-membered enone. That’s the third aldol and that’s all enolate-mediated. I know. It’s too much fun, right? Not allowed to have this much fun in Orgo.
Anyway guys, here's an example of a Michael product because I've got a 1,5-dicarbonyl. Again, I would be faced with the choice where do I put the enolate? Do I put it in the blue or in the red position? You’re going to put it in the position that's going to give you the six-membered ring. If I use the red one to attack this carbonyl, do I get a six-membered ring? I get four. However, if I use the blue one, yes I get what I'm looking for. This is called the Robinson annulation. What I'm going to do first is I’m going to hope you guys draw the product and then we'll do one from scratch. For this, this molecule is really easy to draw. Once you have everything numbered out, you can draw your six-membered ring. I'm going to continue to keep those positions the way that I had them where I have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
I just have to figure out what am I missing on each of these atoms. 2 is going to be a ketone. 6 is going to be what? 6 is going to be that alcohol and it's also going to have a methyl. That’s the products. But we know that these like to dehydrate. Then, I guess I shouldn’t have drawn it in the box, my bad. But the final product of this would be methyl here, double bond here. That is your cyclic enone. We've done this before. But now specifically, this is called a Robison annulation because it started off with a 1,5-dicarbonyl that was made through a Michael reaction. Similar to what we've already done but just connected to conjugate addition.
What I want you guys to do for this product is notice that I'm starting off from what is it called? From the Michael reaction. In this one, I’m starting from Michael because what I have is an enone and what is going to be an enolate. I want you guys to react those together. Get your Michael product and then do the Robinson annulation for that. Try your hardest and then I will comment and save the day eventually.

Problem: Provide the product for the following Robinson Annulation Reaction.


Problem: How would you prepare the following compound using a Robinson annulation reaction between a di-ketone and an alpha, beta unsaturated ketone? 


Problem: How would you prepare the following compound using a Robinson annulation reaction between a ketone and an alpha, beta unsaturated ketone? 


Robinson Annulation Additional Practice Problems

 Provide a mechanism for the following transformation. Show all important flows of electrons, charges and intermediates. Where indicated, (in the structure-n-a- box)- draw the intermediates.

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Complete the mechanism for the following Robinson Annulation Reaction. Draw all the arrows to indicate movement of all electrons, write all lone pairs, all formal charges, and all products for each step. If a new chiral center is created in an intermediate or in the product indicate with an * (ASTERIK).

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Provide a mechanism for the following transformation. Show all important flows of electrons, charges and intermediates. Where indicated, (in the structure-n-a-box) draw the intermediates.

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Illlustrate the Robinson Annulation. Show two typical reactants and the resulting product and indicate where the atoms from the starting material end up in the product. A full mechanism is not necessary.

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Draw the product for the following Robinson reaction.

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In the following Robinson Annulation, compound A could be formed but is not a final product of the reaction. Why?

a) A is formed irreversibly, but only in small amounts contributing to a lower yield of the reaction.

b) A is too strained and is never formed.

c) A is formed reversibly, but cannot undergo elimination, so it reverts back the prior intermediate.

d) A can only be formed from the less favorable enolate and is therefore only a minor product of the reaction.

e) The bonds in A are way too long and a molecule would never want to look that silly, so it doesn’t form.

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For the following reaction, two products are formed, in addition to water. If the oxygen of the enone is labeled with an isotope (18O for example), where will the label appear in the product?

a) B and E only

b) B and D only

c) A and C only

d) A, B, C, and D

e) all 5 positions

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A scientist needed to prepare large quantities of chemical intermediate I through the process shown below.

What is the structure of intermediate  I?

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Draw the intramolecular condensation product formed when 2,6-heptanedione is heated with aqueous sodium hydroxide.

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