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Solution: In the Gabriel synthesis, the nitrogen atom comes from phtha...

Question

In the Gabriel synthesis, the nitrogen atom comes from phthalimide, which serves as the starting material. The process requires three steps: (1) deprotonation to form potassium phthalimide, (2) nucleophilic attack with an alkyl halide, and (3) hydrolysis. Draw the reagents for all three steps of the Gabriel synthesis.