EAS: Nitration Mechanism Video Lessons

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Problem: Which of these is the rate-determining step in the nitration of benzene? A) Protonation of nitric acid by sulfuric acid B) Protonation of sulfuric acid by nitric acid C) Loss of a water molecule by the protonated species to produce the nitronium ion D) Addition of the nitronium to benzene to produce the arenium ion E) Loss of a proton by the arenium ion to form nitrobenzene

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Problem Details

Which of these is the rate-determining step in the nitration of benzene?

A) Protonation of nitric acid by sulfuric acid

B) Protonation of sulfuric acid by nitric acid

C) Loss of a water molecule by the protonated species to produce the nitronium ion

D) Addition of the nitronium to benzene to produce the arenium ion

E) Loss of a proton by the arenium ion to form nitrobenzene

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