We're being asked to draw the product of the given reaction.
Recall that amines are converted to alkenes via Hofmann elimination, which occurs in two steps:
(1) polyalkylation – the amine undergoes methylation using CH3I, forming a quaternary ammonium ion, a better leaving group than the original amine
(2) E2 elimination – the iodide ion reacts with Ag2O and H2O, forming AgI and AgOH. OH– then acts as a base and performs E2, forming the less substituted alkene.
Draw a structural formula for the major organic product(s) of the reaction shown below. You do not have to consider stereochemistry. Do not draw inorganic by-products.
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hofmann Elimination concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hofmann Elimination. Or if you need more Hofmann Elimination practice, you can also practice Hofmann Elimination practice problems.
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