(1) protonation – the alkene is protonated, forming a carbocation intermediate and a halide ion. This follows Markovnikov’s rule, which states that the more stable carbocation is formed.
Also, since a carbocation is formed during the reaction, the carbocation may rearrange into a more stable one.
(2) nucleophilic attack – the halide ion comes in and attacks the positively-charged carbon. The stereochemistry for this reaction is unknown since the nucleophile can attack either side of the empty p-orbital.
Indicate whether the use of wedge and dash bonds are required when drawing the product of using:
1-methylcyclohexene as your starting material with:
electrophilic addition of HX
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