Video Solution: The compound  zoapatanol  was isolated from the le...

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The compound  zoapatanol  was isolated from the leaves of a Mexican plant. Classify each oxygen in zoapatanol according to the functional group to which it belongs. If an oxygen is part of an alcohol, classify the alcohol as primary, secondary, or tertiary. 

For each of the molecules below write the name of the major functional group present on the line below each structure.

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The structure of L-DOPA, the precursor to the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and adrenaline, is below. MARK all the FAMILIES to which this molecule belongs because of its functional groups.

A. Alkane

B. Alkene

C. Arene

D. Alcohol 

E. Ether

F. Amine 

G. Ketone

H. Carboxylic acid 

I. Ester 

J. Amide

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For each of the molecules below write the name of the major functional group present on the line below each structure. (SPELLING COUNTS)

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For the following functional groups either (a) provide the name with correct spelling or (b) draw a molecule in skeletal form containing that functional group in the space provided.

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For the structure given below circle all tertiary carbons and star all primary carbons.

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Circle the only alkene:

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The alkane below has how many 1o, 2o, 3o, 4o degree carbons:

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Capsaicin, found in peppers, has the following structure. What is the molecular formula for capsaicin? Identify the functional groups.

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Draw a specific example of the Functional Group for each of the names listed below. You can use a methyl group in place of R for your example.

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For each of the molecules below write the name of the major functional group present on the line below each structure.

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How many tertiary hydrogens atoms are present in the molecule shown below? 

a. six

b. three

c. one

d. four

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Identify all functional groups including degrees, if applicable, in this molecule.

a) 2o Alcohol, 2o halide, Aldehyde, Ether, Alkyne and Alkene, 2o amine

b) 2o amine, 2o alchohol, 1o halide, ketone, alkyne and alkene, ester

c) Aldehyde, alkyne and alkene, 2o amine, ester, 1o alcohol, 1o halide

d) 1o halide, alkyne and alkene, 2o alcohol, 1o amine, aldehyde, ester 

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The questions below refer to the structure of Zanamivir, which is shown below. This is a line-angle structure. Lone pairs are not shown explicitly, but every atom in this molecule has a formal charge of zero.

 

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Consider the structure below and answer the following questions. 

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Identify ALL of the functional groups in the following molecule. Assign degree of functional group when appropriate.

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Identify ALL of the functional groups in the following molecule. Assign degree of functional group when appropriate.

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Everolimus (Zortress) is a derivative of sirolimus and works similarly to sirolimus as an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). It is currently used as an immunosuppressant to prevent rejection of organ transplants (kidney and liver) and treatment of renal cell cancer and other tumours.

Identify ALL of the functional groups present in everolimus, indicating  degree of the functional group when appropriate. 

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Look at the  entire structure of Atenolol. How many  methylene groups are present in the structure of this molecule?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

E. 4

F. 5

G. 6

H. 7

I. 8

J. None of these

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Look at the entire structure of Lamisil. How many methylene groups are present in the structure of this molecule?

 

A. 0      E. 4      I. 8

B. 1      F. 5      J. None of these

C. 2      G. 6

D. 3      H. 7

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Look at the entire structure of Nasonex. How many methyl groups are present in Nasonex?

A. 0

B. 6

C. 2

D. 3

E. 4

F. 5

G. 6

H. 7

I. 8

J. None of these

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Categorize the following functional groups (use primary, secondary, tertiary descriptors when appropriate). 

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“Amoxicillin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is the first line of treatment for middle ear infections.” (Wikipedia, 9/4/2015). CIRCLE and LABEL FOUR (4) different functional groups in the molecule.

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Which of these molecules contains  amide, ketone, ether, and ester functional groups?

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In the structure shown below, the functional groups in the triangle, rectangle, pentagon and circle (in this same order) are

a) amine, ketone-ether, ether, amide

b) amide, ester, ether, ketone-amine

c) amine, ester, ether, amide

d) amine, ester, ether, ketone-amine

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Which structure contain(s) a tertiary alcohol?

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Which structure(s) contain(s) a tertiary amine?

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In the molecule shown below, how many secondary (2°) amines are present?

A) none

B) 1

C) 2

D) 3

E) 4

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In the molecule shown below, how many benzene rings are present?

A) none

B) 1

C) 2

D) 3

E) 4

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In the molecule  shown below, how many primary alcohols are present?

A) none

B) 1

C) 2

D) 3

E) 4

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Which structure contains a 3° alkyl halide?

 

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What functional group(s) are in the molecule below?

a) Amide

b) Ether

c) Ketone

d) Aldehyde

e) Ester

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Label the circled groups with the numbers that correspond to the following: 

1 = Strained 7 membered ring system.

2 = Amide

3 = Ether

4 = sp2 hybridized carbon

5 = Carboxylic acid

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Categorize the following functional groups (use primary, secondary, tertiary descriptions when appropriate). 

 

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Consider the compound below to answer the following questions.

(a) How many methine hydrogens are there?

 

(b) How many primary Cs are there?

 

(c) Give the molecular formula of this compound. 

 

(d) How many quaternary Cs are there?

 

(e) How many secondary alkyl groups exist as substituents?

 

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Circle and label FOUR (4) different functional groups in the following molecule.

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Provide a LINE DRAWING that exemplifies each of the following functional groups below. Draw a real molecule, not just the generic formula using the letter “R”, and your molecule must contain exactly 5 carbons.

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Provide a LINE DRAWING that exemplifies each of the following functional groups below. Draw a real molecule, not just the generic formula using the letter “R”, and your molecule must contain exactly 5 carbons.

 

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Identify the functional groups in the following molecule:

a. ketone, aromatic, 1° alcohol, ester

b. aldehyde, 3° alcohol, aromatic, ketone

c. ester, aromatic, 1° alcohol, 1° alcohol

d. ketone, 1° alcohol, ether, aromatic

e. aldehyde, ester, aromatic, 1° alcohol

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