Video Solution: (b) Mandelonitrile may be obtained from peach flowers. Deriv...

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(b) Mandelonitrile may be obtained from peach flowers. Derive its structure from the template in part (a) given that X is hydrogen, Y is the functional group that characterizes alcohols, and Z characterizes nitriles. 

Video Transcript

Hey everyone. So, in this problem we are going to be doing our mandelonitrile. Now, it told us that we're going to use this template and we need to fill in our x y and z. So, pretty straightforward, so what does it say that X was? it said it was just a hydrogen. So, all we need to do is include an H right there. Now, what does it say y in zero? Well, for what y it said it characterizes an alcohol and Z characterized a nitrile, so when alcohol we know is one to be represented as OH, right? to include OH there. Now, what is the nitrile look like, there's a nitrogen involved and it's actually a triple bond to a carbon, so we have a carbon that's triple bonded to our nitrogen group and this will be our mandelonitrile, so let's write that in, okay? So I hope this made sense, we were just filling an X Y and Z for the function of groups they told us.

For the following structure, give a complete systematic IUPAC name. Indicate the stereochemistry where needed.

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For each of the following structures provide the IUPAC name in the space provided below.

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What is an IUPAC name for

A) 5-methylhex-3-yn-2-ol

B) 2-methylhex-3-yn-5-ol

C) 3-methylhex-3-yn-2-ol

D) 4-methylhex-3-yn-2-ol

E) 2-methylhex-3-yn-4-ol

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Provide the correct IUPAC name for the structure given below.

A) 2-Ethyl- 4-pentanol

B) 4-Ethyl- 2-pentanol

C) 3-Methyl- 5-pentanol

D) 5-Methyl- 2-hexanol

E) 4-Methyl- 2-hexanol

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Determine the IUPAC name for the structure given below.

a) 1-(4-methylcyclohexyl)propan-1-ol

b) 3-methyl-7-nonanol

c) 7-methylnonan-3-ol

d) 7-methylheptan-3-ol

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Provide a structural formula for the compound below. Be sure to identify stereoisomers properly.

tert-butyloxonium ion 

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Provide a systematic IUPAC name for the molecule below. Remember to include the absolute configuration (R/S) of all the chirality centers in the molecule.

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What is the IUPAC name for this compound?

a. 1-tert-butyl-2-butanol
b. 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanol
c. 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanol
d. 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

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Draw the following molecules using bond line structures. 

(E) -2,4,6-trimethylhepta-2, 4-diene

 

 

 

(3R,4R)-3-iodo-2,6-dimethylheptan-4-ol

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Draw the structure of the following molecules. Make sure your strucuture show s the stereochemistry of the alkene. 

1,4,4-trimethyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ol

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Give the IUPAC name, including stereochemistry of the compound below

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Provide the missing information (structure, IUPAC name, or substituents) and also indicate the stereochemistry where necessary (i.e. cis, trans)

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Given an IUPAC substitutive name for each of the following molecules.

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Given an IUPAC substitutive name for each of the following molecules.

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What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?

a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanol

b) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanol

c) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanol

d) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

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Determine the IUPAC name for the structure given below.

a) 1-methyl-4-ethyl-1-pentanol

b) 1,4-dimethyl-1-hexanol

c) 3-methyl-6-heptanol

d) 5-methyl-2-heptanol

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Give the proper IUPAC name for the structure below. Designate stereochemistry, if necessary. 

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Give correct IUPAC names for the following compounds.

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