What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?
Hey everyone. So, for this question where you look at and calculate the hybridization of a nitrogen group, so now we have, what key functional group here? we have a carbon triple bonded to a nitrogen, so what does that mean? it's a nitrile group, when you see a nitrile group like this. Notice that it's going to have a sigma bond and two pi bonds, right? That's what makes up our triple bond and then nitrogen wants to have five valence electrons, so it's going to have a lone pair, so notice that when we say it's bonded to one carbon, that's going to be this one, and that's only one thing, okay? One atom, so what else is it bonded to? Well, it has a lone pair, so this lone pair will count as it being attached to two things, so this would be one and then this will be the second thing is attached to, so what do you think is the hybridization of the nitrogen group a nitrile? Always remember is that we have a nitrogen at the part of nitro it's going to carry an SP hybridization, okay? So it has an SP hybridization and that's indicated by always drawing your nitrile group in linear orientation, okay? There's a bond angle that is going to be 180 degrees. So, all this question was asking for was hybridization and now we know that the nitrogen group is SP hybridized, okay? So, let me know if you had any questions.