Sign up for free to keep watching this solution

Solution: All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the...

Question

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton shown. 

(d) How many carbon atoms are primary? Secondary? Tertiary? Quaternary? 

Video Transcript

Hey everyone. So, in this carbon chain that's on the right and it is other representation of it, we are going to be identifying the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary cartons. So, just remember what all of these terms are referred to. Now, primary one would be a carbon that's attached to one other carbon, so for example, something like this, this would be a primary carbon because it's only attached to carbon number two. Now, for a secondary could be a carbon that's attached to two other carbons, so for example, that would be something like that. Now that's attached to three other carbons give you one like this one, okay? So this one was, I call this a secondary one in blue and in yellow we're going to count how many primary ones we have, so the primary ones would be the ones that have three hydrogen's on it, right? Because that means the other bond would be to another carbon, so we can have this one be a primary carbon, that's three and where are the last two and I can highlight them over here, these are the ones we've done so far, we need one of these dots or one of these circles, right? The carbons that are attached to one other one, would be the two other muscle groups guys, right? Right here and that's right here in right here. So, in total we have five of those. Now, go ahead and try to find the ones for secondary, tertiary and quaternary, quaternary be a carbon, right? That's attached to four other groups, right? Four other carbons such as an example of what quaternary would be and what I've noticed is do we have any quaternary carbons? Well, no, right? We only have up to tertiary, so let's start, we did primary, let's go ahead and finish up secondary, so if it is attached to two other carbons that would be this one right here, that one's going to be secondary, this one is attached to other carbons one here and one here, same thing that would be this one and this one, we would have this one attached to two other carbons, same thing here, right? Attached to this carbon and this one and same thing here, it's attached to this carbon and this one. So, how many is that? there's five there. So, five secondary carbons, we said we have zero quaternary, right? Zero, this one. So, last one is going to be tertiary a carbon now attached to, is going to have a CH and then three other bonds, right? So that's going to be this one, this one and this one, okay? So the last three that are left. Alright guys, that's it to this question, we're just looking for again the primary, secondary and tertiary carbons, right? So hopefully that makes sense.

Related Solutions

Each of the following names are incorrect. Provide the correct name and struct...

Each of the following names are incorrect. Provide the correct name and struct...

Provide an acceptable IUPAC name for the following three molecules. Do not des...

Provide an acceptable IUPAC name for the following three molecules. Do not des...

What is the correct name of the alkane shown?

A. 3,6-diethyl-2,2,5-trimethylh...

What is the correct name of the alkane shown? A. 3,6-diethyl-2,2,5-trimethylh...

Draw the structure described by this name:  5-Neopentyloctane

 

Which statem...

Draw the structure described by this name:  5-Neopentyloctane   Which statem...

Draw the structure described by this name:  2-Ethyl-3-methylpentane 

 

Which...

Draw the structure described by this name:  2-Ethyl-3-methylpentane    Which...

Draw a line–angle structure for 4,5–dipropyloctane.
...

Draw a line–angle structure for 4,5–dipropyloctane. ...

Draw a line–angle structure for 3–Ethyl–4–methylhexane.
...

Draw a line–angle structure for 3–Ethyl–4–methylhexane. ...

Write the IUPAC name for the following strucutre. Ignore R and S while naming....

Write the IUPAC name for the following strucutre. Ignore R and S while naming....

Write the structure(s) of the simplest alkane(s), i.e., one(s) with the fewest...

Write the structure(s) of the simplest alkane(s), i.e., one(s) with the fewest...

Write the structure and give the IUPAC systematic name of an alkane or cycloal...

Write the structure and give the IUPAC systematic name of an alkane or cycloal...

Write the structure and give the IUPAC systematic name of an alkane or cycloal...

Write the structure and give the IUPAC systematic name of an alkane or cycloal...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:
 
...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:   ...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:
 
...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:   ...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:
 
...

Give systematic IUPAC names for each of the following:   ...

Give the IUPAC names of each of the following alkanes. 
...

Give the IUPAC names of each of the following alkanes.  ...

Female tiger moths signify their presence to male moths by giving off a sex at...

Female tiger moths signify their presence to male moths by giving off a sex at...

Write the structural formula of a compound of molecular formula C 4H8Cl2 in wh...

Write the structural formula of a compound of molecular formula C 4H8Cl2 in wh...

Write the structural formula of a compound of molecular formula C 4H8Cl2 in wh...

Write the structural formula of a compound of molecular formula C 4H8Cl2 in wh...

The 2004 IUPAC names for alkyl groups are derived from the alkane having the s...

The 2004 IUPAC names for alkyl groups are derived from the alkane having the s...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Using the method outlined in Section 2.13, give an IUPAC name for each of the ...

Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:

 (b) 4 -tert ...

Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds:  (b) 4 -tert ...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:
...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: ...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:
...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: ...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

 
...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:   ...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(c) (CH3CH2)3CCH(CH2...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: (c) (CH3CH2)3CCH(CH2...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(b) (CH3)2CHCH2(CH2)...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: (b) (CH3)2CHCH2(CH2)...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds:

(a) CH3(CH2)25CH3 
...

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: (a) CH3(CH2)25CH3  ...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

All the parts of this problem refer to the alkane having the carbon skeleton s...

Pristane is an alkane that is present to the extent of about 14% in shark live...

Pristane is an alkane that is present to the extent of about 14% in shark live...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

From among the 18 constitutional isomers of C 8H18, write structural formulas,...

Write structural formulas and give the IUPAC names for the nine alkanes that h...

Write structural formulas and give the IUPAC names for the nine alkanes that h...

Draw each of the following compounds:

(a) 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane
...

Draw each of the following compounds: (a) 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane ...

What is the systematic name for each of the following  compounds:
...

What is the systematic name for each of the following  compounds: ...

Each of the structures in the previous problem has one or more substituents co...

Each of the structures in the previous problem has one or more substituents co...

Each of the structures in the previous problem has one or more substituents co...

Each of the structures in the previous problem has one or more substituents co...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds:
...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds: ...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds:
...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds: ...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds:
...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds: ...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds:
...

Identify the name of the parent for each of the following compounds: ...

What is a correct IUPAC name for this compound?

A) 1,1,1,6-tetramethylheptane...

What is a correct IUPAC name for this compound? A) 1,1,1,6-tetramethylheptane...