Problem: For the two series of reactions shown below, identify the type of reaction: stepwise vs. concerted. For each initial step, identify the type of bond cleavage: homolytic vs. heterolytic. Indicate if each designated reactant and product species is a carbocation, carbanion, radical, inorganic cation, or inorganic anion.

FREE Expert Solution

In homolytic cleavage,

  •  the two electrons in the bond are divided equally between the products.
  • This produces radicals
  • In the mechanism, this is represented by 2 half-headed arrows.

In heterolytic cleavage, 

  • one atom gets both of the shared electrons
  • This produces ions.
  • In the mechanism, this is represented by 1 full-headed arrow.


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Problem Details

For the two series of reactions shown below, identify the type of reaction: stepwise vs. concerted. For each initial step, identify the type of bond cleavage: homolytic vs. heterolytic. Indicate if each designated reactant and product species is a carbocation, carbanion, radical, inorganic cation, or inorganic anion.



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