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The compound is highly soluble in water if it is capable of H-bonding + dipole-dipole interaction
H-bonds is present in compounds with Hs attached on N, O or F
Analyzing each compound:
n-butylamine → Hs attached on N → capable of H-bonding + dipole-dipole interaction → high solubility in water
butanal → Hs attached on C → not capable of H-bonding but capable of dipole-dipole interaction → slightly miscible in water
Select the compound that has the greatest solubility in water.
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