Problem: Draw the structure of the organic product formed by heating succinic acid.HOOCCH2CH2COOH       

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FREE Expert Solution

For this problem, we have to draw the structure of the organic product formed when succinic acid is heated

In this case, we have a dicarboxylic acid which will undergo nucleophilic acyl substitution by itself forming an anhydride

This will follow a mechanism where:

(1) Nucleophilic attack of O from -OH to the other C=O group

(2) Deprotonation of the O bridge

(3) Reformation of C=O bond as water leaves

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Problem Details

Draw the structure of the organic product formed by heating succinic acid.

HOOCCH2CH2COOH