Sign up for free to keep watching this solution

Solution: Identify the hybridization state and geometry of each carbon...

Question

Identify the hybridization state and geometry of each carbon atom in the following compounds: 

Video Transcript

Hey guys, so let's go ahead and figure out the hybridization and geometry of each one of these carbons, okay? So let's go ahead and identify how many carbons we actually have, we have one here, which is exactly the same as this carbon, we have another one here, same as that carbon and we have another one here and here, right? They're exactly the same, because we have a plane of symmetry between that axis, right? in that axis, so guys remember that we have our hydrogen implied, so we do have either hydrogen here, no hydrogen here but we do have hydrogens here as well, so I'm going to go ahead and draw these explicitly, okay? So now guys, if we're looking at the yellow carbons, what are we going to get? the yellow carbons, right? We know that they're SP hybridized, right? Because they've only got two groups, one the propyl carbon and the hydrogen, right? So we expect to find is we're going to get SP and what's our geometry? linear, right? Okay, so now what about the purple? the purple is also SP hybridized, right? Because we've got this yellow carbon and this green carbon and that's it, right? So we're going to have an SP and linear, right? So now what about this green carbon? the green carbons well, how many groups that actually have? they've three, right? This propyl carbon, this hydrogen and this other green carbon, right? So we're going to get is an sp2 and what are we going to have as our geometry? we're going to have a trigonal planar geometry, right? Okay, so that one wasn't so bad, let's move on.

Related Solutions

Identify the atomic orbitals in the noted C-N sigma bond in the following mole...

Identify the atomic orbitals in the noted C-N sigma bond in the following mole...

Answer the following questions based on the structure shown below. What orbita...

Answer the following questions based on the structure shown below. What orbita...

Answer the following questions based on the structure shown below. What orbita...

Answer the following questions based on the structure shown below. What orbita...

What is the hybridization of each of the carbon and oxygen atoms in the follow...

What is the hybridization of each of the carbon and oxygen atoms in the follow...

On the lines provided, state the hybridization state of the atom indicated by ...

On the lines provided, state the hybridization state of the atom indicated by ...

Describe each bond indicated with an arrow as the overlap of orbitals. For exa...

Describe each bond indicated with an arrow as the overlap of orbitals. For exa...

For the following molecule, write the hybridization state of each atom indicat...

For the following molecule, write the hybridization state of each atom indicat...

What are the hybridizations of the atoms (1 and 2, respectively in the followi...

What are the hybridizations of the atoms (1 and 2, respectively in the followi...

Indicate the hybridization for carbon a,b,c and d.

a. ____________           ...

Indicate the hybridization for carbon a,b,c and d. a. ____________           ...

Which statement below is FALSE?

A. The C-H bond in an alkane that arises from...

Which statement below is FALSE? A. The C-H bond in an alkane that arises from...

The number of chemical bonds between two atoms is described by the  bond order...

The number of chemical bonds between two atoms is described by the  bond order...

Look at the  entire structure of Atenolol. What is the  total number of sigma ...

Look at the  entire structure of Atenolol. What is the  total number of sigma ...

Consider the structure given below. All lone pairs and non-zero formal charges...

Consider the structure given below. All lone pairs and non-zero formal charges...

What kinds of orbitals overlap to form the π bond found in the double bond mar...

What kinds of orbitals overlap to form the π bond found in the double bond mar...

What kinds of orbitals overlap to form the σ bond found in the single bond mar...

What kinds of orbitals overlap to form the σ bond found in the single bond mar...

Each oxygen atom not bonded directly to hydrogen in HCO 3 – uses the same kind...

Each oxygen atom not bonded directly to hydrogen in HCO 3 – uses the same kind...

Write the hybridization of each of the indicated atom in the box provided.
...

Write the hybridization of each of the indicated atom in the box provided. ...

Describe each bond indicated with an arrow as the overlap of orbitals. For exa...

Describe each bond indicated with an arrow as the overlap of orbitals. For exa...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

Draw a three-dimensional orbital representation for each of the following mole...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?
...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following? ...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?

 
...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?   ...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?
...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following? ...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?
...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following? ...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?

 
...

What is the hybridization of oxygen or nitrogen in each of the following?   ...

The reaction shown is important in the industrial preparation of dichlorodimet...

The reaction shown is important in the industrial preparation of dichlorodimet...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Cycloserine is an antibiotic isolated from the microbe Streptomyces orchidaceo...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia: 


	
	(b)  Ho...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia:  (b)  Ho...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia: 


	
	(c)  Ho...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia:  (c)  Ho...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia: 


	
	(d)  Ho...

Ramelteon is a hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia:  (d)  Ho...

Identify the hybridization state and geometry of each carbon atom in the follo...

Identify the hybridization state and geometry of each carbon atom in the follo...

What are the hybridization of the atoms marked I, II, III, and IV in the molec...

What are the hybridization of the atoms marked I, II, III, and IV in the molec...

What is the hybridization of the orbital containing the unshared pair of elect...

What is the hybridization of the orbital containing the unshared pair of elect...

What is the total number of unhybridized p-orbitals present in the following m...

What is the total number of unhybridized p-orbitals present in the following m...

Predict the sigma bond hybridizations indicated by the arrows in the following...

Predict the sigma bond hybridizations indicated by the arrows in the following...

Indicate the number of hydrogen atom(s) on each carbon atom of the following m...

Indicate the number of hydrogen atom(s) on each carbon atom of the following m...

Each of the indicated bonds is a result of the overlapping of orbitals. What a...

Each of the indicated bonds is a result of the overlapping of orbitals. What a...

Which statement best describes the orbitals that are used to form the bonds on...

Which statement best describes the orbitals that are used to form the bonds on...

The radical in the following molecules is in what type of orbital?

a. sp3

b....

The radical in the following molecules is in what type of orbital? a. sp3 b....

Identify whether there are more or less 1s-sp  3 bonds than 1s-sp 2 bonds in t...

Identify whether there are more or less 1s-sp  3 bonds than 1s-sp 2 bonds in t...