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Solution: What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanolb) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanolc) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanold) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

Problem

What is the proper IUPAC name for the compound given below?


a) 1-tert-butyl-2-butanol

b) 5,5-dimethyl-3-hexanol

c) 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexanol

d) 1,1,1-trimethyl-3-pentanol

Solution

We’re being asked to name the given structure using IUPAC nomenclature.



Recall that IUPAC nomenclature follows this pattern:

Locations – Substituents – Root (Modifier)


The steps for IUPAC naming are:

Step 1: Determine the longest carbon chain and the parent name.

Step 2: List down the substituents present and their locants.

Step 3: Combine the locants, substituents, and parent name.


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