Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl CompoundsSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - A Review of General Chemistry
Ch. 2 - Molecular Representations
Ch. 3 - Acids and Bases
Ch. 4 - Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Ch. 5 - Chirality
Ch. 6 - Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Ch. 7 - Substitution Reactions
Ch. 8 - Elimination Reactions
Ch. 9 - Alkenes and Alkynes
Ch. 10 - Addition Reactions
Ch. 11 - Radical Reactions
Ch. 12 - Alcohols, Ethers, Epoxides and Thiols
Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl Compounds
Ch. 14 - Synthetic Techniques
Ch. 15 - Analytical Techniques: IR, NMR, Mass Spect
Ch. 16 - Conjugated Systems
Ch. 17 - Aromaticity
Ch. 18 - Reactions of Aromatics: EAS and Beyond
Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition
Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS
Ch. 21 - Enolate Chemistry: Reactions at the Alpha-Carbon
Ch. 22 - Condensation Chemistry
Ch. 23 - Amines
Ch. 24 - Carbohydrates
Ch. 25 - Phenols
Ch. 26 - Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

Concept #1: General Features of Redox

Example #1: Distinguishing between Oxidation and Reduction

Example #2: Distinguishing between Oxidation and Reduction

Example #3: Distinguishing between Oxidation and Reduction

Additional Problems
The reaction shown is important in the industrial preparation of dichlorodimethylsilane for eventual conversion to silicone polymers. 2CH3Cl + Cl + Si → (CH 3)2SiCl2 (a) Is carbon oxidized, reduced, or neither in this reaction?   
Alkanes spontaneously burst into flame in the presence of elemental fluorine. The reaction that takes place between pentane and F2 gives CF4 and HF as the only products.   (b) Is carbon oxidized, reduced, or does it undergo no change in oxidation state in this reaction? 
Which atoms in the following reaction undergo changes in their oxidation state? Which atom is oxidized? Which one is reduced? 2CH3CH2OH + 2Na → 2CH3CH2ONa + H2  
Each of the following reactions will be encountered at some point in this text. Classify each one according to whether the organic substrate is oxidized or reduced  in the process. a. CH3C≡CH + 2Na + 2NH 3 → CH3CH=CH2 + 2NaNH2    
Each of the following reactions will be encountered at some point in this text. Classify each one according to whether the organic substrate is oxidized or reduced  in the process.  
Each of the following reactions will be encountered at some point in this text. Classify each one according to whether the organic substrate is oxidized or reduced  in the process. c. HOCH2CH2OH + HlO4 → 2H2C=O + HlO3 + H2O  
Each of the following reactions will be encountered at some point in this text. Classify each one according to whether the organic substrate is oxidized or reduced  in the process.  
Fill in the roles (abbreviated in the parentheses) of the reactants in the boxes. Which one is the oxidant ( O)? Which one is the reducing reagent ( R)?
Circle the compound with the most highly oxidized carbon atom:
One of the following reactions isn't a reduction reaction. Which one is not a reduction reaction?
Draw the organic product (if any) expected from the following oxidation reaction: