Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS WorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - A Review of General Chemistry
Ch. 2 - Molecular Representations
Ch. 3 - Acids and Bases
Ch. 4 - Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Ch. 5 - Chirality
Ch. 6 - Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Ch. 7 - Substitution Reactions
Ch. 8 - Elimination Reactions
Ch. 9 - Alkenes and Alkynes
Ch. 10 - Addition Reactions
Ch. 11 - Radical Reactions
Ch. 12 - Alcohols, Ethers, Epoxides and Thiols
Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl Compounds
Ch. 14 - Synthetic Techniques
Ch. 15 - Analytical Techniques: IR, NMR, Mass Spect
Ch. 16 - Conjugated Systems
Ch. 17 - Aromaticity
Ch. 18 - Reactions of Aromatics: EAS and Beyond
Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition
Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS
Ch. 21 - Enolate Chemistry: Reactions at the Alpha-Carbon
Ch. 22 - Condensation Chemistry
Ch. 23 - Amines
Ch. 24 - Carbohydrates
Ch. 25 - Phenols
Ch. 26 - Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

We can name Carboxylic Acids using two naming systems: IUPAC and Common. Let's learn both just to be safe!

Concept #1: Carboxylic Acids Nomenclature

First 5 common names that you should know:

Example #1: Give the IUPAC name

Practice: Provide the IUPAC name for the following compound. 

Practice: Provide the IUPAC name for the following compound. 

Additional Problems
What is the IUPAC name for the following compound? A) 1,3-ketobutanoic acid B) 1,3-oxobutanoic acid C) 1-oxobutan-3-oic acid D) 3-oxobutanoic acid E) methyl butaoxoketone
In the space, draw the following molecule: (3S,6R)-3,6-dihydroxyoctanoic acid
Draw the correct structure for the compound below.  (R)-4-methyl-3-oxoheptanedioic acid
Give the IUPAC name for the following structure. 
Draw the structure for 3-chloro-3-methylhexanedioic acid          
(a) Complete the structure of the pain-relieving drug  ibuprofen on the basis of the fact that ibuprofen is a carboxylic acid that has the molecular formula C13H18O2 , X is an isobutyl group, and Y is a methyl group. 
Draw the structure for (2R,4S,5E,8S)-4-amino-8-chloro-2-hydroxy-7,9-dioxonon-5-enoic acid    
The best systematic name for the following molecule is: A. 2-Hydroxy-1-cyclopentenecarboxylic acid B. 5- Hydroxy-1-cyclopentenecarboxylic acid C. 1- Cyclopentenol-1-carboxylic acid D. 2-Hydroxy-5-cyclopentenoic alcohol E. 2-Formyloxycyclopentanone
Give the IUPAC name for the following compound.
Provide the correct IUPAC/systematic name for the following compound.
Draw 2-methylpentanoic acid. Include the hydrogen atoms in your structural formula. 
What is the IUPAC name for the following compound? A. (R)-3-methylhexanoic acid B. (S)-2-methylhexanoic acid C. (S)-3-methylhexanoic acid D. (R)-2-methylhexanoic acid E. (S)-2-methylpentanoic acid
Give the IUPAC name for the following compound.
Name the following compound using IUPAC nomenclature: a. 3-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexanoic acid b. 3-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexanoate c. 2,4-dimethyl-3-ethylhexanoic acid d. 3-ethyl-4-methyl-2-hexanoic acide. 2-ethyl 1,3 dimethylpentanoic acid
Name the following compound using IUPAC rules: a. 3,4-dibromo-1-butanoic acid b. 1,2-dibromo-3-pentanoic acid c. 4,5-dibromo-3-pentanoic acid d. 3,4-dibromo-2-ethylbutanoic acid e. 3,4-dibromo-3-hexanoic acid
Give the IUPAC name for the following compound.
Write the IUPAC names of the following carboxylic acids. 
Write the IUPAC names of the following carboxylic acids.  
What is the IUPAC name for the following molecule?a. 2-hydroxybut-2-enoic acidb. 3-hydroxybut-2-enoic acidc. 2-hydroxy but-2,3-enoic acidd. 1-carboxyl-1-hydroxy propene 
Write the IUPAC names of the following carboxylic acids.
Give IUPAC names for the following compounds.
Write the IUPAC names of the following carboxylic acids.
Draw the structural formula for lithium 2-methylpropanoate, showing the charges on the cation and the anion.  
Identify the functional group(s) that appear in the molecule below.
Give the systematic (IUPAC) name for the following compound.