Amide Nomenclature

Concept: Concept: Amide Nomenclature

Video Transcript

Time to learn how to name amides. Amides are carboxylic acid derivatives. Again, pretty much
everything that applies from a carboxylic acid derivative applies to an amide. We're going to replace the e ending of the parent chain with the suffix -amide. That's pretty straightforward. The only thing that complicates an amide is that you've got the possibility for multiple R groups on end. It's not like an ester for example. Remember that an ester, you can only have one R group on an O and that's it. It’s easy. But for nitrogen compounds, you can form three bonds. Sometimes you can have up to three things coming out with that end. You’re going to name them as substituents either on the N or N,N positions. It's just easier if I show you an example. This general structure would be N,N-dimethyl, notice because I have methyl groups coming off of it. Then it would be alkanamide. Of course, I'm waiting to know what the identity of that R group is to figure out what I put here. You could use common names or IUPAC names. Just remember to change your descriptions with numbers or Greek letters depending on which one you’re using. You guys are all set to start this example. Go ahead and try to name it and then I’ll help out.