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Ch.8 Gases, Liquids and SolidsWorksheetSee all chapters

# Kinetic Molecular Theory

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Sections
Pressure Units
Kinetic Molecular Theory
The Ideal Gas Law
The Ideal Gas Law Derivations
The Ideal Gas Law Applications
Chemistry Gas Laws
Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law
Standard Temperature and Pressure
Dalton's Law: Partial Pressure (Simplified)
Gas Stoichiometry
Intermolecular Forces (Simplified)
Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties
Atomic, Ionic and Molecular Solids
Heating and Cooling Curves

A gas is seen as a collection of molecules or individual atoms that are in constant motion. The Kinetic-Molecular Theory tries to use data of real gases to predict how an ideal gas would behave if they existed.

###### Examining the Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Concept #1: Understanding the Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Example #1: Which conditions of P and T make for the most ideal gas?

Concept #2: Kinetic Molecular Theory Postulates

Practice: Which of the following statements would correctly explain the non-ideal behavior of a gas based on the Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT)?

a) At high temperatures the attractive forces between molecules becomes negligible.
b) At high pressure the volume of gas molecules become significant.
c) An increase or decrease in the moles of gas causes the gas constant value to change.

Practice: Which of the following statements is/are true for gas molecules according to the Kinetic Molecular Theory?

I.Increasing the amount of gas molecules increases the pressure by increasing the force of the collisions.
II.Decreasing the temperature of a gas decreases the pressure by increasing the force of the collisions.
III.Decreasing the volume of a gas increases pressure by increasing the frequency of the collisions.

Practice: Which statement is TRUE about kinetic molecular theory?

a) A single particle does not move in a straight line.
b) The size of the particle is large compared to the volume.
c) The collisions of particles with one another is completely elastic.
d) The average kinetic energy of a particle is not proportional to the temperature.

Practice: Based on the kinetic-molecular theory, which of the following is/are true?
I.At a given temperature, all gases have the same average kinetic energy.
II.At a given temperature, different gases have the same average velocities.
III.The average kinetic energy is proportional to the absolute temperature.