**Part 1: ****Null hypothesis:** Segregation of two alleles in one locus is observed.

**Expected Phenotypic Ratio:** 1:2:1

Total number of offsprings = 100 flowers

Expected blue-flowered plants = $100\times \frac{2}{1+2+1}$ = **50 flowers**

Expected purple-flowered plants = $100\times \frac{1}{1+2+1}$ = **25 flowers**

Expected white-flowered plants = $100\times \frac{1}{1+2+1}$ = **30 flowers**

Dr. Ara B. Dopsis and Dr. C. Ellie Gans are performing genetic crosses on daisy plants. They self-fertilize a blue-flowered daisy and grow 100 progeny plants that consist of 55 blue-flowered plants, 22 purple-flowered plants, and 23 white-flowered plants.

Dr. Dopsis believes this is the result of segregation of two alleles at one locus and that the progeny ratio is 1:2:1. Dr. Gans thinks the progeny phenotypes are the result of two epistatic genes and that the ratio is 9:3:4.

The two scientists ask you to resolve their conflict by performing chi-square analysis on the data for both proposed genetic mechanisms:

1) Calculate the chi-square value for hypothesis of segregation of two alleles at one locus.

2) Calculate the chi-square value for hypothesis of interaction of two epistatic genes.

3) Based on chi-square analysis, what is your conclusion regarding these two genetic hypotheses?

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