Lateral Gene Transfer: transfer of genetic material between different organisms; occurs via:
1. Transformation: recipient cell absorbs DNA from the environment
2. Conjugation: recipient cell receives DNA via a sex pili
Lateral gene transfer between individuals of a species
a. occurs by sexual reproduction in bacteria
b. can result in bacterial strains resistant to antibiotics
c. always involves recombination
d. does not occur in bacteria
e. occurs only with plasmid DNA
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