Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular ForcesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Crystalline solids represent structures with well-organized patterns and shapes. 

Crystalline Solids vs. Amorphous Solids

Concept #1: Crystalline Solids

Unlike crystalline solidsamorphous solids represent structures that lack an organized patterns or shapes. 

When examining the particles within a crystal you may observe them tightly packed in an organized pattern. The smallest portion of which is termed the unit cell

Simple Cubic (SC) Unit Cell

There are 7 crystal systems and 14 types of unit cells that naturally occur. The simple cubic unit cell represents one of the simplest types. 

Concept #2: Simple Cubic Unit Cell

The Simple Cubic Unit Cell is composed of a cube with an atom at each corner. In the Lattice Diagram each of the unit cells are combined to form a crystal lattice. In the Space Filling Unit Cell Diagram we are shown that the unit cell uses only 1/8 of each of the 8 corner atoms. 

Body-Centered Cubic (BCC) Unit Cell 

The body-centered cubic unit cell is composed of a cube with one atom at each of its corners and one atom at the center of the cube. 

Concept #3: Body Centered Cubic Unit Cell

Face-Centered Cubic (FCC) Unit Cell 

The face-centered cubic unit cell is composed of a cube with one atom at each of its corners and one atom in the center of each cube face. 

Concept #4: Face Centered Cubic Unit Cell

Unit Cell Calculations

Example #1: Unit Cell Calculations 1

Example #2: Unit Cell Calculations 1

Example #3: Unit Cell Calculations 1

Example #4: Unit Cell Calculations

Example #5: Unit Cell Calculations 2

Example #6: Unit Cell Calculations 2

Example #7: Unit Cell Calculations 2

Example #8: Unit Cell Calculations 3

Example #9: Unit Cell Calculations 3

Example #10: Unit Cell Calculations 3