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Ch.12 - SolutionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces
Parts per Million (ppm)
Mole Fraction
Solutions: Mass Percent
Types of Aqueous Solutions
Intro to Henry's Law
Henry's Law Calculations
The Colligative Properties
Boiling Point Elevation
Freezing Point Depression
Osmotic Pressure
Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)
Additional Guides
The Freezing Point Depression (IGNORE)

The Colligative Properties explain what happens to a pure solvent as it transitions to a solution.

The 4 Colligative Properties

Concept #1: The 4 Colligative Properties

Some Colligative Properties will increase and others will decrease with the addition of solute to a pure solvent.

Example #1: Pure benzene, C6H6, has a boiling point of 80.1ºC. What is a possible new boiling point once an unknown amount of glucose is added to the benzene solvent?

Concept #2: Van't Hoff Factor

Example #2: Which of the following compounds will have the largest value for the Van’t Hoff factor?

Concept #3: Solute Amount

Example #3: What is the ionic molality of potassium ions in 1.18 m solution of K3PO4?

Practice: Which of the following compounds will have the highest boiling point?

Practice: Which of the following compound will have the highest vapor pressure?