Chemistry Chemical Principles
Chemical Principles

Chemical Principles Zumdahl & Decoste • 8th Edition • 978-1305581982

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BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Logarithmic and Natural Logarithmic Functions The Quadratic Formula Dimensional Analysis Density

Ch.1 - Chemists and Chemistry

The Scientific Method Scientific Notation Accuracy & Precision Standard Deviation, Mean, Median & Mode Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Energy, Heat and Temperature Physical & Chemical Changes Physical & Chemical Properties

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules and Ions

Mixtures Subatomic Particles Atomic Theory Thomson's Cathode Ray Tube Experiment Gold Foil Experiment Oil Drop Experiment The Chadwick Neutron Experiment Periodic Table Isotopes Chemical Bonds Polyatomic Ions Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Ionic Compounds Naming Acids Functional Groups in Chemistry End of Chapter 2 Problems

Ch.3 - Stoichiometry

Mole Concept Empirical Formula Combustion Analysis Mass Percent Formula Balancing Chemical Equations Stoichiometry

Ch.4 - Types of Chemical Reactions & Solution Stoichiometry

Molarity Solution Stoichiometry Dilution Solubility Rules Net Ionic Equations Electrolytes Normality & Equivalent Weight Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reactions Types of Chemical Reactions Activity Series End of Chapter 4 Problems

Ch.5 - Gases

Pressure Units Manometer Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation Velocity Distribution End of Chapter 5 Problems

Ch.6 - Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.7 - Acids and Bases (Part 1)

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base

Ch.7 - Acids and Bases (Part 2)

pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid

Ch.8 - Applications of Aqueous Equilibria

Ionic Salts Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids Ksp

Ch.9 - Energy, Enthalpy, and Thermochemistry

Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Calorimetry Thermochemical Equation Hess's Law Enthalpy of Formation End of Chapter 6 Problems

Ch.10 - Spontaneity, Entropy and Free Energy

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.11 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.12 - Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Theory

Wavelength and Frequency Diffraction vs Refraction The Particle Nature of Light Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Bohr Model Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Electron Configuration Paramagnetic and Diamagnetic The Spin Quantum Number Orbital Shapes Atomic Radius Periodic Trends: Atomic Radius Periodic Trends: Ionic Radius Periodic Trends: Ionization Energy Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity End of Chapter 7 Problems

Ch.13 - Bonding: General Concepts

Effective Nuclear Charge Chemical Bonds Lattice Energy Lattice Energy Application Born Haber Cycle Electronegativity Dipole Moment Lewis Dot Structure Octet Rule Formal Charge Resonance Structures Molecular vs Electron Geometry Bond Angles Molecular Polarity

Ch.14 - Covalent Bonding: Orbitals

Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.15 - Chemical Kinetics

Rate of Reaction Average Rate of Reaction Rate Law Integrated Rate Law Arrhenius Equation Collision Theory

Ch.16 - Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Forces Phase Diagram Unit Cell Metal Alloys Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Heating and Cooling Curves

Ch.17 - Properties of Solutions

Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces Calculate Molarity Mass Percent Molality Mole Fraction ppm Henry's Law The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation

Ch.18 - The Representative Elements

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.19 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.20 - The Nucleus: A Chemist's View

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

Ch.21 - Organic and Biochemical Molecules

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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