Chemistry Chemistry

Chemistry Whitten • 10th Edition • 978-1133610663

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Ch.1 - The Foundations of Chemistry

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Chemical Formulas and Composition Stoichiometry

Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Combustion Analysis Combustion Apparatus Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Mass Percent

Ch.3 - Chemical Equations and Reaction Stoichiometry

Balancing Chemical Equations Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Solutions Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions Solubility Rules Solution Stoichiometry

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - The Structure of Atoms

The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements

Ch.5 - Chemical Periodicity

Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Cumulative

Ch.6 - Some Types of Chemical Reactions

Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Complete Ionic Equations Polyatomic Ions Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series

Ch.7 - Chemical Bonding

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy

Ch.8 - Molecular Structure and Covalent Bonding Theories

Electron Geometry Bond Angles Hybridization Molecular Polarity

Ch.9 - Molecular Orbitals in Chemical Bonding

Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.10 - Reactions in Aqueous Solution I: Acids & Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base

Ch.11 - Reactions in Aqueous Solution II: Calculations


Ch.12 - Gases and the Kinetic-Molecular Theory

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Gas Stoichiometry Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Velocity Distributions Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation Kinetic Energy of Gases

Ch.13 - Liquids and Solids

Molecular Polarity Intermolecular Forces Phase Diagram Unit Cell Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Molecular Orbital Theory

Ch.14 - Solutions

Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces The Colligative Properties

Ch.15 - Chemical Thermodynamics

Spontaneous Reaction Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.15 - Thermochemistry

Internal Energy Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium

Ch.16 - Chemical Kinetics

Rate of Reaction Average Rate of Reaction Rate Law Integrated Rate Law

Ch.17 - Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.18 - Ionic Equilibria I: Acids and Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Ka and Kb

Ch.19 - Ionic Equilibria II: Buffers and Titration Curves

Ionic Salts Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Weak Bases Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Polyprotic Acid Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids

Ch.20 - Ionic Equilibria III: The Solubility Product Principle


Ch.21 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.22 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay First Order Half Life

Ch.23 - Organic Chemistry I: Formulas, Names and Properties

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

Ch.25 - Coordination Compounds

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.28 - Some Nonmetals and Metalloids

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens